As of 2006, Tunisia had 19,232 km of roadways, of which 12,655 km were paved, including 262 km of expressways. Roads connected the major cities and provided access to most regions of the country. In 2003, there were 585,194 passenger cars and 288,285 commercial vehicles.
In 2008, the Tunisian National Railway Co. (Société National des Chemins de Fer Tunisiens) operated over 2,165 km of standard, narrow and dual gauge track, located mostly in the northern region and central plateau. Most of the country's rail system is narrow gauge, accounting for 1,694 km, followed by standard gauge at 471 km. A metro rail system for Tunis opened in 1985.
Tunisia has excellent shipping facilities at Tunis, the principal port, and at Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte and Gabes; Sekhira is the port for oil exports. The free port terminal at Zarzis is scheduled for further development at an estimated cost of $20.8 million, in order to expand harbour and storage facilities. Tunisia's modest merchant fleet, established in 1958, operates a freighter service principally to French ports. As of 2010, there were nine ships of 1,000 GRT or more. The Tunisian Navigation Co. is the principal shipping firm.
Airports in 2012 numbered an estimated 29, of which 15 had paved runways as of 2005. Tunis-Carthage Airport, about 14 km from the capital, provides direct connections to most of the major cities of Europe and the Middle East. There are five other international airports, at Menzel Bourguiba (Monastir), Zarzis (Jerba), Tozeur, Tabarka and Sfax. Tunis Air, the national airline, is owned by the Tunisian government (51%), Air France, and Tunisian citizens. In 2003, about 1.720 million passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.
Airports - with paved runways
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2012)
Airports - with unpaved runways
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 8 (2012)
gas 2,386 km; oil 1,323 km; refined products 453 km (2010)
total: 2,165 km
standard gauge: 471 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 1,694 km 1.000-m gauge (65 km electrified) (2008)
total: 19,232 km
paved: 12,655 km (includes 262 km of expressways)
unpaved: 6,577 km (2006)
by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 2, passenger/cargo 4, roll on/roll off 2 (2010)
Ports and terminals
Bizerte, Gabes, Rades, Sfax, Skhira