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Population in Tunisia


The population of Tunisia in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 10,043,000, which placed it at number 80 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 7% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 27% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 102 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005 – 2010 was expected to be 1.1%. The government has had a commitment to family planning and reproductive health since the 1990s. The projected population for the year 2025 was 11,583,000. The overall population density was 61 per km² (159 per mi²), ranging from only about 4 per km² (10 per mi²) in the south to over 1,000 per km² (400 per mi²) in the thickly settled north.

The UN estimated that 65% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 1.59%. The capital city, Tunis, had a population of 1,996,000 in that year. Other cities are Sfax (Safaqis); Ariana (a suburb of Tunis); Bizerte (Binzart); Gabes; and Sousse (Susa).


10,732,900 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 23.2% (male 1,274,348/female 1,193,131)
15-64 years: 69.3% (male 3,638,014/female 3,728,294)
65 years and over: 7.5% (male 390,055/female 405,344) (2011 est.)

Median age
total: 30.5 years
male: 30.1 years
female: 30.9 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate
0.964% (2012 est.)

Birth rate
17.28 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate
5.87 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate
-1.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

urban population: 67% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 1.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
Tunis (capital) 759,000 (2009)

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